G.729

Posted on Aug 16, 2020

G.729 is an audio data compression algorithm for voice that compresses digital voice in packets of 10 milliseconds duration. It is officially described as Coding of speech at 8 kbit/s using conjugate-structure algebraic-code-excited linear prediction (CS-ACELP).[1]

Because of its low bandwidth requirements, G.729 is mostly used in Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) applications where bandwidth must be conserved. Standard G.729 operates at a bit rate of 8 kbit/s, but there are extensions, which provide rates of 6.4 kbit/s (Annex D, F, H, I, C+) and 11.8 kbit/s (Annex E, G, H, I, C+) for marginally worse and better speech quality, respectively.

G.729 includes patents from several companies and is licensed by SIPRO Lab Telecom[2]. In a number of countries, the use of G.729 may require a license fee and/or royalty fee.

G.729 has been extended with various features, commonly designated as G.729a and G.729b.

DTMF tones, Fax transmissions, and high-quality audio cannot be transported reliably with this codec. DTMF requires the use of the RTP Payload for DTMF Digits, Telephony Tones, and Telephony Signals as specified in RFC 2833

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